Summary of FGFR4

This gene encodes a protein that plays an important role in cell division, cell and embryo growth, and wound healing. It is associated with cancer (R).


The Function of FGFR4

Tyrosine-protein kinase that acts as cell-surface receptor for fibroblast growth factors and plays a role in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and migration, and in regulation of lipid metabolism, bile acid biosynthesis, glucose uptake, vitamin D metabolism and phosphate homeostasis. Required for normal down-regulation of the expression of CYP7A1, the rate-limiting enzyme in bile acid synthesis, in response to FGF19. Phosphorylates PLCG1 and FRS2. Ligand binding leads to the activation of several signaling cascades. Activation of PLCG1 leads to the production of the cellular signaling molecules diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. Phosphorylation of FRS2 triggers recruitment of GRB2, GAB1, PIK3R1 and SOS1, and mediates activation of RAS, MAPK1/ERK2, MAPK3/ERK1 and the MAP kinase signaling pathway, as well as of the AKT1 signaling pathway. Promotes SRC-dependent phosphorylation of the matrix protease MMP14 and its lysosomal degradation. FGFR4 signaling is down-regulated by receptor internalization and degradation; MMP14 promotes internalization and degradation of FGFR4. Mutations that lead to constitutive kinase activation or impair normal FGFR4 inactivation lead to aberrant signaling.

Protein names

Recommended name:

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4

Short name:

FGFR-4

Alternative name(s):

CD antigen CD334

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Top Gene-Substance Interactions

FGFR4 Interacts with These Diseases

Substances That Increase FGFR4

Substances That Decrease FGFR4

Advanced Summary

Conditions with Increased Gene Activity

Conditions with Decreased Gene Activity

Technical