Definition

Histamine H1 antagonist with pronounced sedative properties. It is used in allergies and as an antitussive, antiemetic, and hypnotic. Doxylamine has also been administered in veterinary applications and was formerly used in PARKINSONISM. Doxylamine is a sedating antihistamine that can be used by itself as a short-term sleep aid, in combination with other drugs as a night-time cold and allergy relief. It is a member of the ethanolamine class of antihistamines and has anti-allergy power superior to almost every other antihistamine on the market, with the exception of diphenhydramine (Benadryl). It is also the most effective over-the-counter sedative available in North America, and more sedating than some prescription hypnotics. In a study, it was found that doxylamine succinate is possibly more effective than the barbiturate, phenobarbital for use as a sedative. For this reason, doxylamine has sometimes been used off label in a manner similar to diphenhydramine for the reduction of anxiety symptoms; Doxylamine succinate is used by itself as a short-term sleep aid, in combination with other drugs as a night-time cold and allergy relief drug, and a preparation is prescribed in combination with Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) to prevent morning sickness in pregnant women. In Commonwealth countries, doxylamine is available prepared with paracetamol/acetaminophen and codeine under the brand name Syndol or Mersyndol, as treatment for tension headache and other types of pain, or as a general OTC sleep-aid branded as Somnil, Donormyl, DSozile and Restavit containing Doxylamine Succinate only. [HMDB]

Description

Histamine H1 antagonist with pronounced sedative properties. It is used in allergies and as an antitussive, antiemetic, and hypnotic. Doxylamine has also been administered in veterinary applications and was formerly used in parkinsonism. [PubChem]

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General Information

Mechanism of Action

Doxylamine Interacts with Diseases

Doxylamine Interacts with Genes