Definition

3,4-Dihydroxyhydrocinnamic acid (or Dihydrocaffeic acid, DHCA) is a metabolite product of the hydrogenation of caffeoylquinic acids, occurring in normal human biofluids, with potent antioxidant properties. DHCA has been detected in human plasma following coffee ingestion (PMID 15607645), and is increased with some dietary sources, such as after ingestion of phenolic constituents of artichoke leaf extract. (PMID 15693705) Polyphenol-rich foods such as vegetables and fruits have been shown to significantly improve platelet function in ex vivo studies in humans. (PMID 16038718) Its antioxidant activity has been tested to reduce ferric iron in the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay, and it has been suggested that its catechol structure convey the antioxidant effect in plasma and in erythrocytes. (PMID 11768243) [HMDB]

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